In winter, crops are mostly damaged by frost and other hostile weather conditions. This season, the quality and production of both fruit and vegetable crops can be affected and thereby cause large losses. As leaves, flowers and fruits tend to dry out, the drought can also cause outbreaks of bacterial diseases. These can appear in the form of stains that can appear on fruits and thereby ruin their appearance and taste.
The temperature that causes damage to crops can vary. Although some vegetable crops taste better with frost, some other crops are damaged due to frost. Root crops develop better when the temperature is below 5 degrees Celsius. For example, Brussels sprouts are best harvested after a slight freeze.
Vegetables such as artichoke, beetroot, celery, cucumbers, beans, pumpkin are often damaged in the temperature range from 0.5 to 0 degrees Celsius. However, in the case of vegetables like asparagus, cucumbers, spinach and radishes, they can be damaged when the temperature is between -1 to 0 degrees Celsius.
To protect the crops from harsh winters, you can ensure the following measures.
- Cover the plant
By covering with a blanket or row cover, crops can be protected from frost. It also helps keep the plants warmer. Sometimes an early freeze is just an isolated freak incident followed by many days of favorable weather conditions. Therefore, it is recommended that you cover your crops. In a shorter cold period, you can cover the plants with soil, eg straw or leaf mold. You can remove them later when the danger of frost is over.
- Cover the tender sprouts
To cover the tender sprouts or smaller plants, you can use “hot caps” from recycled milk or soda bottles with the bottom cut out, paper bags or newspaper tents. You can also use soda bottles by cutting a 2-liter clear plastic soda bottle in half.
- Take care of containers
Wet potting soil can prove to be the biggest enemy of your crops in the winter. You should ensure adequate drainage by placing containers on the feet of the pot. To prevent cracks in containers during the winter season, wrap pots in bubble wrap or jute. Finally, move the pots to a more sheltered place.
- Protect the earth
Soil is the most important thing for the development of a plant. Therefore, you should never ignore the protection of soil. Add a thick layer of organic material to the surface to preserve the life of the soil and protect the soil from erosion.
- Take help from the smoke
Smoke will also help the plants to be protected from the winter. Therefore, raise sufficient smoke in the evening across all four sides of the track.
By spraying 0.1% sulfur solution in areas with rain, crops will be less affected by dew. Fruit plants can also be protected from damage by spraying nitrogen fertilizer and other nutrients.
- Reduce dew
In the case of areas where frost occurs frequently, start growing crops such as beets, carrots, wheat, radishes, barley, etc. to reduce the negative effects of dew.
- Design your garden to prevent frost
If you design your garden and at the same time ensure frost prevention, you can save your plant in a more efficient way. If the slope of your garden faces the sun, it will help your garden heat up easily, as residual heat in plants and soil can determine if your garden gets frostbite during the night. If your garden is sloping to the south, then it will be more exposed to the sun. In addition, you should avoid planting young species in open, exposed areas or in low places where cold air can settle.
In addition, you can protect your plants by using a variety of medicinal compositions that are available both online and offline. You can also buy such drugs from Safex Chemicals India Limited, which is one of the leading agrochemical companies in India.