Makar Sankranti marks this year’s first pan-India festival. Tilkut and jaggery are two main ingredients in the festive preparations for this festival. Dog Makar Sankrantiis known by different names in different parts of the country and includes local delicacies. For example, it is celebrated as Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu in Assam. People not only dress in new clothes during this festival, but also do extremely mouth-wateringdishes to celebrate it. These dishes are loved by both children and the elderly. Whatever the name of the festival, the idea is to celebrate the end of the harvest season.
As the festival is closely linked to agriculture and agriculture, the Sun Godplays a key role in its celebration. According to legends, Makar Sankranti or Magh Bihu marks the Sun’s annual transit from Sagittarius to the sign of Capricorn. It is a significant celestial event as the winter solstice ends with it. With this festival, the harvest season ends and the farmers are waiting for their work in the field to bear fruit in the coming days and weeks.
Bamboo plays a key role in Assamese arts and crafts, so young men build huts and spend Uruka night (the night before Bihu) in the temporary shelters (called Bhelaghar). The next day, the Meiji ritual is performed. People light bonfires and celebrate around them. A community party is held with various traditional recipes under Bihu. Here are some of the dishes that mark the festival in Assam and outside the state:
(Also read: Sweet and tasty recipes for the Makar Sankranti party)
It is basically ‘laddu’ consisting of various ingredients such as sesame (for), coconut, murmura or puffed rice and rice flour (gura laru).
2.Gur Aur Aate Ka Halwa
Halwa is a regular sweet during festivals all over India. This gur and ate ka halwa is a perfect sweet for Bihu or Makar Sankranti. It is healthy and can be cooked within 30 minutes.
A mini-meal consisting of several things made from rice – kumol saul, chira – and combined with homemade curd or cream and jaggery. Some prefer to have jolpaan with warm milk.
Soak black sesame seeds, bora saul, gram or maah, boot (chana) fry and season with mustard oil, ginger and salt. This is especially enjoyed around the fire to the delight of the people.
This year, Magh Bihu will be celebrated on January 15th. The Bihu Festival is celebrated twice more. Rongali or Bohag Bihucelebrated in April. And, Kongali or Kati Bihuobserved in October.