5 fruits and vegetables you should plant and grow in the fall

5 fruits and vegetables you should plant and grow in the fall

We investigate which fruits and vegetables you can grow in the autumn, either in the allotment garden, in your garden vegetable or in pots and containers.

The nights can draw in and the temperatures start to drop, but there is no need to pack your garden tools away and assume that your vegetable area is redundant until next spring. In the fall, summer crops are nearing the end of the season, and winter vegetable seeds should have already been sown back in the summer – but there are still plenty of crops you can start growing at this time of year. Here are five fruits and vegetables you can grow in the fall.

1. Alliums

Autumn onion sets, shallots and garlic are a great place to start. They are easy to grow, maintenance-free and take up little space.

Whether you are planting them directly in open ground, a raised bed or a small container, try placing them in full or partial sun. Make sure the soil is weed-free and well-drained. If not, dig in some well-rotted organic material. Plant your onion sets and garlic clove 15 cm apart, giving them plenty of room to grow. Autumn soil retains its heat, which will encourage your young crop to develop a strong root system.

Until they are established, keep your plants covered with horticultural mesh or fleece to prevent wildlife from eating them. In July next year they will be ready for harvest. They can be eaten immediately or stored for several months.

vegetables to grow in autumn garlic

Anna KurzaevaGetty Images

Tips:

  • Can be grown in open ground, a raised bed or a small container
  • Needs full or partial sun
  • Needs weed-free, well-drained soil
  • Plant 15 cm
  • Cover with horticultural mesh or fleece until established
  • Autumn in July
  • Read the entire guide on how to grow garlic

    Legumes

    Farm beans can withstand harsh winter weather and tolerate temperatures as low as -10c. Go for fall-long pod varieties, such as the RHS Award Garden of Merit, Aquadulce Claudia (BUY NOW), as they are the toughest.

    Whether you grow them on an open plot or in a raised bed, make sure the area is sunny and sheltered from the wind. The soil should be well drained with lots of organic material dug in.

    Make double shallow drills 20 cm apart and 5 cm deep. Sow seeds at 20 cm intervals. Each double row must be 60 cm apart. Once you have sown your seeds, cover them and water them thoroughly. They are best seen in double rows so tall plants can support each other and encourage pollination. Keep the growing area weed-free and cover the young seedlings with horticultural fleece during cold periods. Use poles to support the plants as they get taller. All right, your pawns will be ready to harvest the following May / June.

    peasant beans lima beans fresh just after harvest background with plant leaves

    MEDITERRANEANGetty Images

    Tips:

    • Selected fall-long pod varieties
    • Grow in open ground or raised bed
    • Need sun and shelter from wind
    • Need well drained. weed-free soil with lots of organic matter
    • Sown best in double tractor
    • Sow seeds at 20 cm intervals
    • Autumn May / June

      Salad

      Believe it or not, lettuce provides a great winter crop that gives you fresh leaves in the colder months. Consider hardy varieties such as lamb salad, miners lettuce and watercress, all of which can withstand cool temperatures. A greenhouse is ideal as it will provide extra warmth and protection, but these varieties can also be grown outside.

      Sow the seeds thinly in shallow troughs, cover with soil and water gently. Then cover the sown area with a cloche or horticultural fleece for extra warmth and protection. If you want a head start, sow seeds thinly in modular trays indoors. They can be planted out in their final growth position when they are young plants. Cover them with a cloche or horticultural fleece, and keep an eye out for snails and slugs; they are fond of young shoots, so if they are discovered, they should be removed accordingly.

      Tips:

      • Tough varieties
      • Sow seeds thinly in shallow troughs
      • Cover seeds with cloche or horticultural fleece
      • Watch out for snails and slugs

        4. Fruit

        It is a good time to plant fruit trees, fruit bushes, raspberry stalks, strawberry runners and rhubarb crowns, which are dormant at this time of year. If space is an issue, go for varieties that fit in containers or large pots. Stepover fruit trees are a good option as they are small, low and can be planted along paths or in front of beds, or try training a tree in a fan shape against your fence. Keep in mind that bare-root trees are cheaper than their potted counterparts.

        fruit to grow in autumn

        JohnatAPWGetty Images

        5. Green manure

        Now is the perfect time to sow green manure (BUY NOW). These are fast-growing plants that help prevent soil erosion, suppress weeds and improve soil structure, and there are different varieties available that provide different benefits. Follow the package instructions, then directly into your beds and let them stand for several weeks before digging them into the ground. They are an easy and inexpensive way to improve your vegetable beds for next season. Alternatively, you can spread a thick layer of well-rotted organic material over your beds and let them decompose over the winter.

        Another place in the garden …

        Autumn is a good time to start thinking about next year’s growing season. Now that your plants are dead back, it’s easy to see the plan for your garden and identify what is not working.

        Perennials can be lifted and transplanted to more suitable positions if needed, and damaged structures, fences and supports are easier to repair while your beds are empty.

        Think about what you want to grow next year and start reading seed catalogs and making lists. It will be spring before you know it, and with a little preparation now, you will be one step ahead of the game.

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